Cookies are small text strings that the sites visited by the user send to their display device, usually to the browser, where they are stored before being subsequently re-transmitted to the same websites the following time the same user visits the website. During navigation on a site the user can receive on his/her device even cookies sent from different websites or web servers (so-called "third parties"), on which some elements may exist, such as images, maps, sounds, specific links to pages of other domains, present on the site that the user is currently visiting.
Cookies, usually present in users' browsers in large numbers and sometimes even with wide temporal persistence, may be used for different purposes such as performing computer authentication, monitoring sessions, storing information on specific configurations concerning users accessing the server, etc.
Cookies are divided into two macro-categories: "technical" cookies and "profiling" cookies.
Technical cookies are used for the sole purpose of "transmitting a communication over an electronic communications network, or to the extent strictly necessary for the provider of an information company service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service "(see Article 122, paragraph 1, of the Code).
They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the controller or operator of the website. They can be divided into navigation or session cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access restricted areas); analytics cookies, similar to technical cookies when used directly by the site operator to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site; functional cookies, which allow the user to browse according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service rendered to the same.
Another type of cookies are the so-called "Flash Cookies" (Local Shared Objects), used within Adobe Flash Player to deliver some content, such as video clips or animations, in order to remember the settings and preferences. Flash cookies are stored on the device, but are managed through a different interface than the one provided by the browser in use.
The Adobe website https://www.adobe.com/devnet/security.html provides information on how to remove or disable Flash cookies related to a specific domain.
For the installation of these cookies, the prior consent of users is not required, while the obligation to provide information pursuant to article 13 and 14 of European Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of 27/04/2016, whereby the site manager, if using only such devices, can provide in the manner it should deem most suitable.
Profiling cookies are designed to create profiles related to the user and are used in order to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the same in the context of surfing the net. Due to the particular invasiveness that such devices may have in the private sphere of users, European and Italian regulations alike require the user to be adequately informed about their use and therefore be able to express their valid consent. In particular pursuant to article 13 and 22 of European Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of 27/04/2016 the data subject must be informed that there are no consequences due to the processing carried out with profiling cookies.
These are the cookies installed by the website that the user is visiting. They are necessary for navigation on the site, allow the use of the main functionalities and to protect the connection, maintain the session identifiers and store the information related to the authentications.
Without these cookies, some or all of the website features may not be suitable for use.
Below is a description of the third-party cookies that may be used by the site, as well as links through which the user can receive more information and request their deactivation.
The exact nature of some cookies (which, under certain conditions, could be considered "profiling") may in the future be reconsidered on the basis of the evolution in the interpretation of the directives of the Authority: in this case, this information will be updated accordingly and any further obligations that may be required will be completed.
Cookies have a duration dictated by the expiration date, or by a specific action such as closing the browser, set at the time of installation. Cookies can be:
In most browsers cookies are enabled at the source; users can decide whether to accept them or not by using the settings of their browser.
If the user has already consented but wants to change the cookies settings, he/she must delete them through the browser, as shown below, because otherwise those already installed will not be removed. In particular, please note that it is not possible in any way to control third-party cookies, so if the consent has already been given, it is necessary to delete cookies through the browser (dedicated section) or by asking for the opt-out out directly to third parties.
For further information please visit the following websites:
For more detailed information concerning the cookie deactivation options, following is a list of links for the configuration of main browsers.
If none of the listed browsers should be in use, select “cookie” in the Guide page of the browser in use.
It is also possible to delete all cookies installed in the cookies folder of the browsers in use. Each browser has different procedures for managing settings, see the guide for the browser in use to know the procedures required to change settings and the address of the directory containing cookies.